A Pure Polyproline Type I-like Peptoid Helix via Metal Coordination

Lieby Zborovsky, Alisa Smolyakova, Maria Baskin, Galia Maayan

Peptoids, N‐substituted glycine oligomers, are an important class of foldamers that can adopt polyproline‐type helices (PP‐I and PP‐II), given that the majority of their sequence consists of chiral, bulky side chains. Herein a new approach for the stabilization of a pure PP‐I‐like peptoid helix through metal coordination is introduced. A systematic spectroscopic study was performed on a series of peptoid heptamers bearing two 8‐hydroxyquinoline ligands at fixed positions, and a mixture of chiral benzyl and alkyl substituents in varied positions along the peptoid backbone. When the benzyl groups are located at the 3rd and 4th positions, the peptoid (7P6) gives upon Cu2+ binding a circular dichroism (CD) signal similar to that of a PP‐I helix. Exciton couplet CD spectroscopy and EPR spectroscopy, as well as modifications to the length of 7P6 and derivatization through acetylation provided insights into the unique folding of 7P6 upon Cu binding, showing that it is led by two competing driving forces, namely coordination geometry and sequence.

The MS analysis was carried out using Advion Expression® CMS.